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OOGA Technical Conference Day 1 Recap

Posted By Lyndsey Kleven, Communications Coordinator, Monday, November 9, 2015
Updated: Thursday, November 12, 2015

The Ohio Oil and Gas Association hosted its fifth annual Technical Conference and Oilfield Expo on November 4 & 5, 2015. This year’s event was moved into the heart of the Ohio oilfield and held in Cambridge at the Pritchard Laughlin Civic Center. 

What really stole the show were the speaker presentations at the Technical Conference, providing in depth discussion on topics impacting the oil and gas industry. Key topics of interest to attendees on Day 1 of the Technical Conference Included:

An overview of the National Stripper Well Association, from chairman Mike Cantrell. Cantrell provided insight into the organization in his presentation Not Your Grandfather's NSWA.

Kevin Kosko with Shale Mountain Resources presented on the Potential and Future Impacts of NORM/TENORM. The presentation covered myths, facts, current and future regulations associated with Technologically Enhanced Radioactive Materials (TENORM) generated during exploration and production activities in the Marcellus and Utica shale plays.

Erosion and Sediment Control and Cost Management from CEC, Inc. Ababu Gelaye gave the audience insight on some current challenges and considerations in management and compliance of erosion and sediment issues, and how those can have direct impact on project completion schedules, the bottom line and potential liabilities.

The Status of Rulemaking Initiatives presented by Scott Kell from ODNR Division of Oil and Gas Resource Management was of interest to many. This presentation looked at the results of amendments to Ohio Oil and Gas Laws passed by the Ohio General Assembly in recent years, and ODNR’s goal to develop effective rules in an efficient manner. Kell walked the audience through the rulemaking process and its design to document considerations of constructive input from the various stakeholders directly affected. 

Ryan Elliott with Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease, LLP Columbus office gave an SPCC Update and Compliance with New Rules. This covered the changing regulatory landscape that operators need to be aware of in order to comply. 

Wayne National Forest Lands Minerals Program Manager Richard Jones provided attendees with an introduction to the oil and gas administration on the Wayne National Forest, which has recently become a hot topic. Jones gave an overview on the roll of the Forest Service as the administrator of federal surface estate, mineral development, and coordination with ODNR and BLM.

Tony Villegas with C&J Energy Services provided insight on Lateral Science, Making Engineered Completions, an Every Well Event. Following this Tom Tomastik with ALL Consulting spoke on A Proactive Approach to Addressing Annular Pressure Issues in the Utica-Point Pleasant Shale Play.

Brad Bacon with PDC Energy, Inc. closed out the first day presentations, gaving an insightful presentation on Induced Seismicity—A Growing Concern for the Oil and Gas Industry. This presentation gave the audience a look into some actions that may mitigate the magnitude and the frequency of these earthquakes. 

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Member Spotlight: Jack Miller, Ken Miller Supply, Inc.

Posted By Lyndsey Kleven, Communications Coordinator, Monday, November 2, 2015

 The member spotlight series features legacy OOGA members who have been a member of the Association for at least 10 years. If you would like to recommend someone to be highlighted, please contact Lyndsey Kleven lyndsey@ooga.org

Background information:

Jack Miller had an early start in the oilfield, as many families with multi-generations in the industry do. Today he runs Ken Miller Supply, Inc. the company his father Ken started in 1959, which has grown over the years. Jack recalled the story of how Ken Miller Supply, Inc. came very close to never taking off.

After working for another supplier for a period, Ken decided he’d like to have his own company so he bought four frac tanks and started a business in Wooster, Ohio. Early on in the beginnings of the venture, Ken moved in on a local well with a frac tank on the back of his truck, when unexpectedly the motor went out. Ken had a family with four kids at home, had just quit a reliable job, and his new start-up wasn’t going exactly as planned. He sat on the running board of his truck and cried, knowing he was under and the business wasn’t going to make it.

As luck would have it, a fuel deliveryman that Ken knew was driving down the street and stopped to see what happened. Ken explained how he was done because the motor on his truck went out. The guy chuckled and explained that he could put a new one in for $700, which is what Ken did and never looked back. The company’s first office was a red trailer that didn’t have any heat; Ken worked out of this space for over a year.

“When I was 12 in the 6th grade my dad was in the supply business and it was just him, so he’d get me out of school because he couldn’t measure a load of pipe by himself,” Jack recalled of his start in the business. “When I was 16 I drove a big truck moving frac tanks. We had the world’s largest 300-barrel frac tank rental company, having 500 of them, with 25 drivers. I was one of those drivers for about eight years part-time, I became full-time in 1974 when I graduated from college.”

Jack went to Ashland University and studied marketing, sales, and finance. He was the first person in the family to go to college, and it was very important to him and his family that he had a college education.

“I enjoyed driving trucks but you never knew when you could get home, and on top of that we would work all day Saturday. While driving my truck, I sold a man a million dollars worth of new pipe. My dad pointed out to me that we didn’t have new pipe. And I said, ‘we’re going to get some.’ So we drove down to the mill in 1978 with a million dollar order and we asked if they wanted the order, which they said yes, so then we had new pipe. 

Jack’s business sense cultivated the company into new arenas and expanded the operations. In Ohio, being in the supply business since 1980, Jack has seen many suppliers coming in and out of the state. 

“Our business isn’t sexy or exciting, we just sell a load, sell another load, and it all adds up.”

Company Information: 

Miller Supply sells everything that it takes to hook up a well, from piping, culvert pipe, valves and fittings. As drilling has evolved over the years, the amount of products that are needed to drill a well has influxed. 

“We never once in our industry said the word “recycle” but we have recycled pipe in wells eight times. And no other industry recycles one item every time. No industry recycles as much as the oil and gas industry, because we recycle everything.”

Jack’s resourcefulness is a trait he seemingly got from him father. Ken’s ingenuity was just as impressive and helped operations run more efficiently, this showed when he invented the straight truck. He took a tractor and trailer and cut it in half, stretched it 10 feet and welded in a 10 foot frame and drive line (this was before school buses in 1959).

“My dad called International Harvester and told them he stretched one of the trucks 10 feet to see what they thought. They said he was crazy, not to do it, and that it would never work, but it did. If only he had patented the idea it would have made us more money than any of the other business. He was the first one that thought of the long wheelbase.”

Other people moved tanks with a tractor and trailer and would get stuck. Miller Supply was resourceful and used straight trucks that ran like a four by four.

They also plugged wells and bought used casing from 100 wells a year. Being in the recycling business, this is how Miller Supply got its casing, Jack explained that 100 wells will yield about 300,000 feet of used four-and-a-half casing. 

“We bought these wells to plug and then the Arab oil embargo came in 1974 and oil prices increased. A well that made three tanks a year became a good well, so things really changed, and then we became producers.” 

Hence how the Miller’s drilling company Ken Oil got its start. Ken Oil is an Ohio drilling company that has wells in 14 counties, its early success came from drilling around the old wells they purchased. In 1988 Ken Oil started drilling Rose Run wells and had another good bite at successful drilling. They have a good relationship with the state and get along well the ODRN and inspectors and fellow producers.

“In the Rose Run we learned we had to share. You had to share leases with people and become friends with operators that you never had before, it was really a good thing for Ohio. So now we have more joint ventures then we had in the past because of the Rose Run activity.” 

Today Ken Oil is in more of in a “hanging-on mode,” and Ken Miller Supply is the primary endeavor. 

Various slow times in Ohio caused Miller Supply to expand. When times were slow in Ohio, they took on the mentality that they could either “go home” or go roughly four hours away—about how far a truck will take you in half a day—to start new locations. The company currently has 11 locations in five states. 

“We don’t have partners so we grew really slow because we used our own money, which overall has really been good.”

The businesses employ 136 employees and they are very proud that 70% of those employees have been with the company 15-30 years. Jack says that he employs great people and is also thankful that they stay with him and they don’t have to train new people all of the time.

“Our people, like myself are, our salesmen, our managers, have all driven truck, threaded pipe, so we’re really hands on. This makes us unique as a supplier today and it gives us a great amount of knowledge for our customer’s problems.”

The employees are willing to take their knowledge of the business and share it to help others be successful.

“We have the knowledge to help people. We can learn something in Pennsylvania, then we can tell the guys in Ohio and save them the learning curve. Everywhere the drillers are regionally smart, and our company is regionally smart, but that doesn’t mean we can take what we do and go to Texas.”

Jack cited an example of a Texas company coming up to Ohio the first year shale drilling occurred and brought porta pots with stainless steel toilet seats. He recalled that there was a man screaming in the middle of winter because he was frozen to it. He ended the story by saying, “and that’s why you want to buy Ohio.”

Shale-development’s impact on business: 

After expanding Miller Supply Company to 11 locations in 5 states put the company in a nice position for where all the shale development was taking place. 

“When shale came around that put us right in the main fairway where all of the shale operators are. It’s interesting, in the year 2007 when the shale activity started we sold 25 pipe items, today we sell 79 pipe items. So everything I thought I knew in all my years of learning got thrown away, and now we’re in a completely different category of products.” 

Jack described how shale drilling has made things more difficult for the producer, because they have become so efficient at drilling it has created a glut of gas and packed the pipelines. Also the current state of commodity prices has put everyone in an extremely difficult situation, saying that producers are netting half of what Rockefeller was getting in the 1900s—and he didn’t pay income tax. As a conventional producer Jack says it creates another set of problems. It is really tough to drill a well on the current leases and have it pay for itself.

OOGA Involvement:

Jack has been a member of the Ohio Oil and Gas Association (OOGA) since the early 1970s and has served on the board of trustees since the late 1970s. Getting an early start, Jack is one of the Association’s longest sitting trustees. Ken Miller was also a very active member and trustee, he enjoyed being involved for many years.

Today Jack also serves on the executive committee and is thankful for everyone who does because he knows that it is such a time commitment.  

“We get way out in front of problems, years in front of when Bill and Betty Buckeye start to actually see them. And we have done so much to make it affordable to operate in Ohio—but we need to do more. It is really nice how each president has been so uniquely qualified to do a good job for the Association. And under the leadership of Tom Stewart as former executive vice president, and now Shawn Bennett serving as EVP, we have the right people in place to carry out the policies.”

Jack would say to those involved in any aspect of oil and gas, “get involved with the Association and stay involved. It’s a very inexpensive way to get your finger on the pulse of what’s going on. And it will affect you, so you might as well be part of the solution.” 

In addition to Jack’s commitment to the OOGA over the years, the Miller family has done a great deal to give back to their local community in Wooster, donating resources and community building space. When Jack became involved with the family business, this opened up free time for Ken and he opened the Ken Miller Supply Oil & Gas Museum. The museum houses a vast collection of early gas pumps, drilling machines, tractors, trucks and cars. The museum is located at 7920 Shreve Road and is open to the public the second Saturday of each month from 12:00 pm to 3:00 pm.  

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A National Forest with Local Impact

Posted By Mike Chadsey, Director of Public Relations, Monday, October 26, 2015
Updated: Thursday, October 29, 2015

As I make my way through the highways and back roads of southeast Ohio I often pass through parts of the Wayne National Forest. As it turns out, that large geographical section of Ohio has a long history of natural resource development, including oil and gas, but you would not know that just by looking around. It is truly a national treasure that has dramatic local impact not only by its natural beauty but also the resources it provides. What our forefathers did for today’s generation by setting aside that land for both recreational and economic use was a great vision and plan.

What began in 1935 and now covers 241,191 acres in 12 counties, the Wayne National Forest and has 1,283 active wells in its vast acreage. Those are divided up among federally owned minerals and privately owned minerals. 

The breakdown of mineral ownership looks like this:

·       41% or 98,858 acres of the WNF, oil and natural gas minerals are federally owned

·       59 % or 142,333 acres of the WNF, oil and natural gas rights are privately owned

 

Of the 1,283 active wells in the Wayne National Forest, ownership looks like this:

·       493 are government owned

·       790 are privately owned

 

The breakdown of the location of the federal wells looks like this:

·       Washington County: 285 Wells

·       Monroe County: 117 Wells

·       Perry County: 30 Wells

·       Athens County: 25 Wells

·       Hocking County: 31 Wells

·       Lawrence County: 5 Wells

 

According to the WNF there are approximately 60,000 acres of public minerals that have not been leased. The WNF is not divided into a nice and neat square box, but is instead a patchwork of land purchases over the decades. And there is great potential that privately owned minerals are stuck in the middle and are inaccessible because the federally owned land cannot be leased. This also could raise the question as to why the federal government wouldn’t want to lease the land in order to capitalize on this resource. 

After poking around the web for a bit of information I found a group called LEASE, which stands for “Landowners for Energy Access and Safe Exploration.” They are a group of landowners in and around the Wayne National Forest who want to develop their private minerals but cannot because they are sandwiched in with federally owned minerals. They advocate for access to their property and mineral rights and are asking the government to work with them to do so. The timing could not be better, with horizontal drilling a well pad could be miles outside of the forest and go underneath the public and private property to access the natural gas locked in the shale formation. This would not disturb the surface, and folks could still hike, bike and play in the water without any interruption.

As with much of Ohio, there is an abundant history of natural gas development and the Wayne National Forest is certainly part of that legacy. A legacy that is not totally been utilized, but will hopefully be soon. 

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Energy Development is on Everyone’s Mind These Days

Posted By Mike Chadsey, Director of Public Relations, Monday, October 19, 2015
Updated: Wednesday, October 21, 2015

If you follow national politics you will notice the recent trend from the various presidential campaigns announcing their energy polices. Most candidates from both parties are talking about what they will do if elected and presenting their views on energy and the issues and challenges that come with development. One candidate even choose to make their energy policy announcement in Ohio last week. If you watched the first Democratic Party debate in Las Vegas, four of the five candidates spoke about climate change. It will certainly be a topic of conversation when the Republican Party rolls into Cleveland in a few months for the nominating convention.

I had the chance, many years ago, to be a paid staffer on two different presidential campaigns. You want to talk about a different kind of energy, there is nothing like the rush of working on something as grand of a scale as that; it was an amazing opportunity.

Of the candidates that have talked about their energy plans and vision, many have talked about the Keystone XL pipeline, LNG exports, the Clean Power Plan, methane emissions, ozone standards, development and rules on federal lands. I would encourage you to check out the plans, as they vary as much as the candidates and parties do.

With that being said, at the national level there is a lot of the talk these days about the different forms of energy and the ups and downs within each market, as well as the debate over items like crude oil exports or drilling in the artic. These topics are important but don’t forget to pay attention to what your local candidates are saying as most are up this November. This year, a local election year, seems to already have been forgotten about before it even takes place, due to the elephant (or donkey) in the room, which is the national election over a year away.

I would argue that as important as that election will be, your local officials play a role in your day-to-day life more than President “so and so” ever will. Take the Community Environmental Legal Defense Funds charter amendments as an example. I doubt those are on the President’s radar, but a large group of mayors and trustees in eastern Ohio have been talking about them these last few years. Also look at the pipelines that current do and will run through northern Ohio, and discover what the various city councils and county commissioners have to say about those activities. What do they think about drilling? How do they spend monies earned from leasing and royalties? Do they work with you to resolve issues?

My advice is don’t skip out on this election while paying attention to what is next. Much like in football, you can only run one play at a time and those who try to think about what is next make mistakes on what they are doing now. Local elections matter.

Ohio will no doubt be active this year and next as the long list of national candidates make their way to the Buckeye State campaigning. As with this presidential election, like those in the past, look around when you see those events on TV, you will find many local candidates lining up to support their favorite. But they can’t be there if we don’t elect them first this year. With either political party, you win from the ground up. Like I said, local elections matter. 

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2015 OOGA Technical Conference and Oilfield Expo Preview

Posted By Lyndsey Kleven, Communications Coordinator, Monday, October 12, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, October 13, 2015

www.oogatechexpo.com


The Ohio Oil and Gas Association will host the 2015 OOGA Technical Conference and Oilfield Expo on November 4th—November 5th 2015.

This year’s event will be held at the Pritchard Laughlin Civic Center in Cambridge, Ohio. This location change was made as the Association has taken past attendee’s feedback into consideration while working to improve the overall impact of the event.

The event brings together top industry leaders offering in-depth presentations on today’s most important topics. This year, attendees will learn about an array of topics, including:

 

  • NORM/TENORM and the Potential Future Impacts
    (Kevin Kosko – Shale Mountain Resources)

    Erosion and Sediment Control and Cost Management
    (Ababu Gelaye, M.S., CPESC, P.G. – Civil and Environmental Consultants, Inc.)

    Status of Rulemaking Initiatives
    (Scott Kell– Ohio Department of Natural Resources)

    SPCC Update: Compliance with New Rules
    (Ryan Elliot – Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP)

    Oil and Gas Administration on Wayne National Forest – Federal Leasing and Oil and Gas Development
    (Richard Jones – Wayne National Forest – Supervisors Office)

    Lateral Science, Making Engineered Completions an Every Well Event
    (Tony Vilegas – C & J Energy Services)

    A Proactive Approach to Addressing Annular Pressure Issues in the Utica-Point Pleasant Shale Play
    (Tom Tomastik – ALL Consulting)

    Induced Seismicity – A Growing Concern for the Oil and Gas Industry
    (Brad Bacon – PDC Energy, Inc.)

    Passenger Vehicle/Pick-Up Truck Fleet Safety
    (Wayne Vanderhoof – RJR Safety, Inc.)

    “It” happened! What do you do? Internal Investigations of Well Site Events
    (Richard A. Schwartz – Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP)

    Uncommon Ground for the Common Good
    (Rich Cochran – Western Reserve Land Conservancy)

As Ohio’s premier oil and gas industry event, the Oilfield Expo will host more than 80 exhibitors representing a displaying of the latest industry equipment and new practices. Both indoor and outdoor exhibitor spaces are available on a first come, first serve basis.

Join other oil and gas professionals at the oilfield celebration reception on Wednesday, November 4th. Once again this reception will be held on the trade show floor allowing attendees and exhibitors to network in a relaxed and festive setting

Registration to attend the event will be available online through October 31, onsite registration will be available at the venue. Register early to save, discounted early-bird rates end October 26.

The Association would like to say thank you to our Premier Sponsor, the International Union of Operating Engineers Local 18, along with all of our other sponsors, exhibitors and attendees. We look forward to seeing each of you at the event. 

Learn more about this event: http://oogatechexpo.com/

ATTEND

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Member Spotlight: Sharon Davis, EnerVest

Posted By Lyndsey Kleven, Communications Coordinator, Monday, October 5, 2015
Updated: Thursday, October 8, 2015

The member spotlight series features legacy OOGA members who have been a member of the Association for at least 10 years. If you would like to recommend someone to be highlighted, please contact Lyndsey Kleven lyndsey@ooga.org

Background information: 

Sharon Davis’ entry into the oil and gas industry was untraditional, having no family background or formal education in the field. Today her career in the industry is approaching 25 years. Davis grew up in the Hartville area where her background working as dispatcher in the trucking business. Through her mother’s connection with Chuck Moyer, a geologist, and his wife Paula, an accountant, both working for Lomak Petroleum, Davis was able to get an interview with the company, starting her career in the oilfield in 1991. She began working in Lomaks operations department as a dispatcher for the water trucks.   

Davis recalled the job as being extremely boring; the days were slow and there was little to no dispatching actually occurring. At the time Personal Computers were brand new on the scene and Lomak had two of them in the building. 

“The PCs were not an integral part of the business yet, and were more novelty than anything at the time. I used to fool around with the PCs in my downtime, which was a lot then, and I taught myself how to use Lotus, a spreadsheet program.  I enjoyed figuring out how it all worked.”

Davis’ career progression began when Steve Grose, VP of Operations for Lomak at the time, was looking to hire a petroleum engineer to assist him with his work, which wasn’t in the budget.  He saw that Davis had a certain aptitude with numbers and the Lotus program, so Grose brought Davis over to work for him. She was tasked with learning how to run an engineering software package called OGRE (oil and gas reserves economics) that does decline curve forecasting. In her new role Davis began putting together reserves reports for Lomak; all of her education on the matter she learned doing. 

Over the years Davis has seen a fair share of changeover and transition. She described Lomak Petroleum as starting in Hartville and continuing to grow after she was hired. In 1998 after expanding its operations significantly in the west, the name changed and the company became known as Range Resources.  A few years later Range entered into a deal with FirstEnergy to create a partnership. FirstEnergy contributed 50% of its Ohio assets and Range contributed 50% of its Appalachian Basin assets to form Great Lakes Energy Partners. This partnership continued until 2004 when First Energy Corp decided to move another direction and Range acquired First Energy’s piece to dissolve the partnership. In 2010 Range Resources sold everything it owned in Ohio to EnerVest. EnerVest elected to keep Davis on and now all of these years later, she is working in the same office she had while at Lomak.

Work history:

In the early 1990s Lomak was small with only a couple hundred wells, mostly in Ohio and a few in Michigan—but they were growing. Sharon’s primary role with Lomak, Great Lakes and Range was to manage the reservoir-engineering database, and to produce the reserves report biannually for the Appalachia Business Unit.  

“Early on we were in the acquisition game and bought properties throughout the Appalachian Basin. I was responsible for the reserves reports including all of the acquisition evaluations in Appalachia, with Lomak, then Range, and then Great Lakes.  These were the years when the product prices were depressed.”

“That’s how the business grew.  We were not drilling wells then, in fact, we probably didn’t drill two-dozen wells as operator in the first ten years I worked in the business. We went and bought other companies, smaller companies, or pieces of bigger companies. I was responsible for the reserves evaluations of almost all of those acquisitions in the Appalachian Basin that grew the company.”

In the early 1990s the big thing that was happening was Rose Run drilling. One of Davis’s favorite things was to go out to the field to see the deep wells being drilled-in. They used to drill-in on air, with no fluid in the hole; there was nothing to hold the pressure down when the gas started to come up.

“The gas would ignite a flare and shoot out 50-100 feet, which was a real spectacle, and that was something I could really get excited about. I enjoy being involved with this industry because something new is always going on. Seeing these entrepreneurial people take a chance by drilling a hole in the ground and letting pressure out, and what comes out they sell—it’s very ingenious.” 

The acquisition evaluations were always very interesting to Davis, and also very time consuming, large projects, often involving travel and not always successful. Davis recalled actually purchasing only a small percentage of the acquisitions she reviewed. There was a lot of work between acquisitions, and actually purchasing one then created even more work.

In 2004 Range began exploring the Marcellus in Pennsylvania and completed their first successful hydraulic fracturing job in this formation.

“Exploring the Marcellus for Range was a landmark for the company and being part of the early play was so interesting. And then with EnerVest I have gotten to be on the periphery of what has happened in Ohio with the Utica.”

EnerVests regional headquarters is in Charleston, West Virginia and conducts business with staff at multiple locations in the Appalachian Basin. Many of the offices came from various acquisitions.

“EnerVest bought Belden in 2005. Lomak, Range, and Great Lakes all looked into acquiring Belden multiple times over the course of the years, but never got it. Then it was sort of interesting when I was the one acquired, and acquired by EnerVest who had also acquired Belden. In my daily activity I find it ironic because of the numerous times I’ve looked at these wells before.  In fact, at one time or another, over the course of time, I probably evaluated most of the wells that make up EnerVests Eastern division.”

With EnerVest Davis has remained involved in the reserves reporting process working under the direction of the Engineering Department Manager Jeff Stevens.  As Senior Engineering Technician, she currently is responsible for producing reports for the former Range properties using the Aries software package. Davis also assists in the weekly production reporting process, annual production budgeting process and other special projects for EnerVests Eastern Division, the Appalachian Basin and Michigan operations.  

“I am so fortunate to be working at EnerVest with a team of smart and talented people; and there is no end of interesting work to do. EnerVest operates about 7,600 gross wells in Ohio alone. In our division including Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, West Virginia, Virginia, and Michigan, EnerVest has about 12,000 wells. Every one of those wells makes new data every day, and that information gets piled into some database, somewhere. There’s an enormous amount of data that goes with the production of so many wells, and it’s completely useless unless you can gather it and make sense of it.  My function is to help collect the data and make it useful. So that’s sort of my forte, I collect large amounts of data, move it around and make it accessible to people who can use it to report from or analyze it.”

Shale-development’s impact on business:

“Range Resources was where the Marcellus was born. In the early 2000s the company was drilling wells in Pennsylvania not chasing the shale at all.  At the time the shale activity in the country was fairly limited to the Barnett in Texas, which was just starting to get a lot of attention and developing. Ranges first Marcellus well was initially drilled to the Oriskany in Washington County, PA. It was a vertical well because no one was drilling horizontal in Pennsylvania at the time.” 

As an engineering technician Davis worked with the geologists and the engineers that tackled the challenge of drilling in the Marcellus shale early on.

“The first Marcellus well started as a not particularly successful Oriskany well. Range senior management had been encouraging everyone to look for new plays, shale opportunities because of the excitement over the Barnett. The senior geologist for Range at the time, Bill Zagorski proposed trying for the Marcellus so they came up the hole from the Oriskany and put a bigger, Barnet style frac on the Marcellus, producing encouraging results. The big volume hydraulic fracture was the key to making it successful and was inspired by the activity in the Barnett.” 

Operators commonly penetrated the Marcellus shale to get to the Oriskany and encountered large flows of gas that typically petered out in a few hours or days, continuing onto the Oriskany.

“It just was fortuitous that they were in the right place. If they had done it further east, or anywhere else, they probably wouldn’t have had enough success to keep them going at it. Range spent a lot of time and money on that one well, but it turned into something really big. It was an exciting time and very exciting to watch.  There were a lot of really talented and smart people involved in making it happen and this was a real game-changer for Range.  They needed to focus their attention on the play in PA so they withdrew from Ohio.”

In 2010 EnerVest experienced explosive growth in the Appalachian Basin, acquiring Ranges Ohio assets and also assets in Ohio and Pennsylvania from EXCO —more than doubling its size in the region, practically overnight, at the same time strategically positioning itself as the key holder of Utica acreage in Ohio. Right away EnerVest began working with industry partners to explore the play and now in development mode, has participated in hundreds of Utica wells in Ohio as non-operator.  Davis has established processes for the company to collect the production data for these wells from its various sources and compile it into a useful format for reporting or analysis. 

Davis cited the whole shale phenomenon in Ohio and the region as having both positive and negative affects coming along with it. 

“Shale drilling has been positive in that it brought more work, more opportunity to the region, particularly in the parts of the state where the economy has been depressed for so long.  Unfortunately product prices are so low right now and this has slowed growth for sure.  Still, it is thrilling to hear of folks whose financial situations have turned-around 180 degrees due to shale activity on their property, really life changing in some instances.”

“The downside is that it has made land acquisition difficult due to competition and has priced leasing out of reach for smaller operators. You can’t be in this business, in this basin without knowing the smaller operators. And the smaller operators have it difficult to compete with the acreage costs and to participate in these high investment wells; they’re so expensive.” 

Davis elaborated on the industry being politicized in a not so positive way. The fast activity and large-scale projects have brought a lot of attention to the oil and gas business as a whole. She felt that previously the only attention the industry received was from the people who dealt with it directly, such as landowners and people with a royalty interest. Now attention is coming from whole townships or communities worried about “fracking” when it likely does not even impact them directly.

OOGA Involvement:

Davis has been a member of the Ohio Oil and Gas Association (OOGA) for more than a decade and has attended its events for more than two decades. She is also a long-standing member of Tuscarawas Valley Desk & Derrick, and is a Board Member and Secretary for the Ohio Petroleum Section of the Society of Petroleum Engineers.  The SPE honored Davis with a Regional Service Award in 2011.

“It was a natural progression to move into the OOGA membership. I was fascinated by what Petroleum Engineers were doing with the Society of Petroleum Engineers, and OOGA was the next stepping-stone beyond that. I started going to the fall technical meetings probably twenty years ago and haven’t missed one since. I remember meeting Tom Stewart and Rhonda Reda at the first Technical meeting I attended.  I think it was Tom’s 1st or 2nd year at OOGA and I was so inspired by Rhonda’s energy and industry knowledge.  I always look forward to the Winter meeting. That’s when I can catch up with what is going on in the industry and see people I maybe only see once a year.  But I have to be honest, my favorite OOGA event has always been the Summer Meeting golf outing.  I have met so many interesting people at these events and I have met some I consider good friends.” 

Most of Davis’ participation has been attending the events for the networking and social aspect rather than active participation. An area of interest has been seeing what groups have been joining the Association over the past few years as the membership has grown. She finds the daily emails put out by the Association as a way to stay updated on regulatory issues and other happenings in the industry she normally wouldn’t keep informed with through her daily work. 

“I like getting the updates from the Bulletin and other outreach. I often share what I receive to help keep other people informed. There are so many people outside the industry that just don’t know what’s going on, and only “know” whatever they read or hear, or anything someone tells them and very often it’s not factual.”

Davis revealed how she has learned a great deal from the industry and those around her professionally. She has had strong mentors over the years and has worked with so many interesting, talented and very smart people.  She feels privileged to help train younger colleagues coming into the industry.

“For years I have shared my experience and knowledge with less seasoned techs and helped to develop new engineers fresh out of school. I see them start to use skills that they’ve learned from me and to become proficient in them. I’ve seen many people move ahead in their careers and mature professionally.  It’s been very gratifying to participate in helping to develop these people. Maybe I’ve contributed to their careers; I like to think that I have.”

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Despite downturn, Ohio’s oil and gas industry more important than ever

Posted By Rhonda Reda, Executive Director, Ohio Oil and Gas Energy Education Program, Tuesday, September 29, 2015

There is no question, it’s tough times for Ohio’s oil and gas industry. Prices for crude oil and natural gas are at their lowest levels in decades. The downturn in prices and drilling activity has caused many people to ask the questions: Is Ohio’s oil and gas industry still a major contributor to our local economy? How important in this industry to the average Ohioan? The answers are unequivocally yes and in fact more important now than ever.

As energy, economics and jobs dominate the headlines, a homegrown industry continues to supply these benefits to the Buckeye State. Ohio has a long and proud oil and gas history. In fact, Ohio’s oil and gas industry has been producing crude oil and natural gas from various geological formations beneath our feet for more than 150 years.

The past several years has also brought many new companies, jobs and innovations to Ohio’s industry, leading to unprecedented and record energy production levels. As a result, Ohioans are intertwined with the state’s oil and gas industry more than ever before.

In 2013, the Energy Information Administration reported that Ohioans used approximately 913 billion cubic feet of natural gas to heat our homes, power our electricity generation plans and to operate our businesses, schools, hospitals and factories. In fact, Ohio ranks 7th in the country for natural gas consumption, and seven out of every 10 Ohio homes use natural gas as its primary heating source. By the end of 2015, it is projected that Ohio may produce enough natural gas to fulfill all of our local energy needs.

Today, Ohioans use crude oil and natural gas for much more than heating or power. In fact, crude oil and natural gas are an integral part of our daily lives unaffected by current market or weather conditions. More than 6,000 products are produced, wholly or in part, from Ohio’s 60,000 crude oil and natural gas wells. Life saving products such as medicines and artificial hearts wouldn’t exist without petroleum products. Synthetic rubbers and fabric, asphalts and computer components are made from crude oil and natural gas. Waxes, paints and inks are too; as are hundreds of the personal care products used around our homes.

And of course, plastic and most fuels would not be possible without petroleum. Simply put, Ohioans can not live their daily lives without using petroleum based products. In fact, the average person uses the equivalent of three gallons of refined petroleum-based products each and every day.

This Ohio industry is directly part of every Ohioan’s life. Our standard and cost of living would be harder and higher without petroleum products, and our life expectancy would be dramatically shorter without oil and gas development. Through new technologies and advanced production techniques, Ohio’s oil and gas industry continues to innovate to enhance production efficiency while minimizing environmental impact.

The state of Ohio’s oil and gas industry matters to everyone because it’s a part of who we are, what we do and how we do it. Keeping our energy dollars and energy jobs at home is also positive for the economy and our natural security. Now more than ever, we need to continue to support local energy production, pipelines and processing/cracking facilities and refineries that will continue to benefit all Ohioans.

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Ohio Supreme Court Decides on November Local Control Ballot Issues

Posted By Mike Chadsey, Director of Public Relations, Tuesday, September 22, 2015

The members of the Ohio Supreme Court recently announced two separate decisions on the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund (CELFD) “Community Bill of Rights” efforts.

The first decision involved the counties of Athens, Medina and Fulton where the CELDF attempted to put an issue on the ballot to move those counties from a statutory form of government, to a charter form of government, with the first charter amendment being their misguided “Community Bill of Rights.” The court ruled that the Secretary of State was correct in not placing these issues on the ballot, as they failed to meet the basic requirement for changing county form of government.

The second decision was regarding the great steel city of Youngstown, who through no fault of its own, have been dealing with the CELDF folks longer than anyone else. In this instance, petitioners were attempting to change the city’s existing charter, not to establish an entirely new form of government. In that decision, the high court reversed the local Mahoning County Board of Election’s unanimous decision that would have kept the issue off of the ballot and instead ruled to place that CELDF issue on the ballot.  

The county board of election had justified the decision to keep the issue off of the ballot since the Supreme Court had already ruled in another case that the legislature had enacted laws that oil and gas regulation was to be handled at the state level and local governments couldn’t unfairly impede or discriminate against this activity.

When explaining the decision in this matter, the Ohio Supreme Court indicated that local boards of election can only decide if the procedural requirements had been met when determining whether or not to put an issue on the ballot.  This is consistent with the ruling regarding the three county charter amendments as well. Unfortunately, this will simply add to the  $50,000 the City of Youngstown has already paid to put this issue on the ballot and which voters have rejected in four previous elections.

In both cases, CELDF screamed that industry “bought” the court; but let’s take a closer look at who filed briefs supporting those cases.

In the first case, involving the three counties, the Ohio County Commissioner’s Association, the Ohio Farm Bureau, Affiliated Construction Trades of Ohio and the Ohio Chamber of Commerce all filed briefs opposing the CELDF’s charters.

In the second case, involving Youngstown, the Ohio Chamber of Commerce, Youngstown-Warren Regional Chamber of Commerce and Affiliated Construction Trades of Ohio along with 17 different local labor unions all filed briefs to oppose the charter amendment.

So did all of those groups “buy” the court as well?

These groups represent thousands of hard working, land owning, bi-partisan, citizens in Ohio who all stood together to say enough is enough. Yet when you read some of the comments from the CELDF folks, they are shouting victory claims that they now have a blueprint to push their agenda forward. Never mind the fact that a small group of loosely connected activists think they know better than the elected, business, and community leaders in all of these areas who came together to defend their communities from this out of touch (and out of state) organization.

In talking with members of each of these communities one thing is clear, no matter how CELDF rewords or tweaks language to put on the ballot, there are people who will fight for their land, neighborhoods and communities and continue to say no to this small minority of activists trying to dictate what they can do.

For a more detailed legal analysis of the two Ohio Supreme Court decisions, please read the article by: Lisa Babish Forbes and Aaron M. Williams of Vorys, Sater Seymour and Pease LLP in the October edition of the Bulletin.

 

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Municipal income tax law changes: What you need to know

Posted By Guest Blog From: The Ohio Society of CPAs, Monday, September 14, 2015
Updated: Thursday, September 17, 2015

As teams begin to hit the field in preparation for the upcoming football season, we want to ensure you are also gearing up for the game-changing effective date of House Bill 5’s municipal income tax laws. Municipalities are currently amending their existing income tax ordinances to incorporate the new law’s provisions, and your business should be prepping now too in order to be ready by year end. Summarized below are just some of the benefits coming your way starting in 2016.

Pass-through entities

If your business is organized as a pass-through entity (“PTE”), the municipal net profits tax will now be imposed at the entity level (unless your municipality is one of a handful that previously voted to tax resident S corporation owners at the shareholder level), with the owner needing to file only in their city of residence. Also, gains and losses that are generated by resident taxpayers’ different pass-through entities and their own net profit may offset each other during the year in which such gains and losses were generated to arrive at the total amount of tax due. 

NOL carryforward

If your business does not have a profitable year, some relief is coming: starting in 2017 all municipalities must allow businesses to deduct any new net operating losses (NOL) and allow a five-year carryforward of those losses. Profits and losses are measured on a 12-month basis simply as an accounting tool used to facilitate the collection of tax revenues. However, businesses are established with the goal of making a profit over the long haul, not simply in any particular 12-month period. When you have a loss, an NOL carryforward is treated as an asset on your balance sheet to help offset future gains. Therefore, the NOL carryforward becomes an economic development tool by allowing businesses to deduct losses and continue to operate, helping you with job retention in down years.

Occasional entry rule

A significant improvement to the “casual entrant” exemption increases the number of days (from 12 to 20 per year) that individuals may work in a non-principal place of business municipality before incurring income tax liability there. Should your employee be there 21 or more days, you will need to withhold in that “other” city from day 21 forward until the end of the calendar year. The new law also defines a day to allocate tax liability to the city where an employee spent the majority of time working that day (you must withhold only to one municipality per calendar day), and provides that the casual entrant rule applies to all compensation. Businesses and cities may continue to work out other agreements as well if both parties agree.

Another major change eliminates the requirement for employers with gross receipts of less than $500,000 a year to track where their employees are working; instead, these small businesses will simply withhold to the jurisdiction where the principle place of business is located. These businesses must still file net profits returns in every city where they do business, but will owe no tax if the amount due is $10 or under.

Other common sense changes

If you’ve done work in a municipality in the past but no longer work there, many cities require you to continue filing tax returns anyway for up to three years. The new law allows you to certify to a municipal tax administrator that you are no longer a taxpayer there. Upon certifying, you are no longer required to file with that municipality during future taxable years, unless the tax administrator possesses conflicting information or you start working there again.

Taxpayer Bill of Rights

The new law includes the full version of the state’s Taxpayer Bill of Rights at the local level, and requires municipalities to publish a summary of the taxpayers’ bill of rights and responsibilities online, as well as publish its municipal tax ordinances and regulations. It also aligns municipal return filing dates with state filing dates, and makes consistent with federal, state and current municipal tax law the tax return due date for entities with a fiscal year-end other than a calendar year-end.

Residency changes

The new law prescribes an income tax employer withholding schedule for all municipalities on a monthly vs. quarterly basis depending on your recent withholding amounts. Finally, municipalities are allowed to treat an individual as a resident for income tax purposes only if the individual is domiciled there, and it adopts 25 generally recognized common law factors for determining an individual’s domicile.

Municipal Income Tax Webcast

To take a deeper dive into the new law and help you plan NOW for changes that will impact you, your business or your clients, please join us as former Ohio Tax Commissioner Tom Zaino, CPA, JD, Zaino Hall & Farrin LLC, hosts a webcast on September 28, 2015.

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The Media’s Erroneous Display of Oil and Gas Production in Ohio

Posted By Lyndsey Kleven, Communications Coordinator, Wednesday, September 9, 2015

The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) releases quarterly production numbers showing the amounts of crude oil and natural gas being extracted in Ohio. The latest set of production numbers was released during the last week of August touting the record production in the state in spite of the sharp fall in oil prices.

The fact of the matter is the current state of the oil and gas industry—in Ohio and across the United States—is struggling and has recently experienced the lowest oil and natural gas prices seen in decades. In August, Ohio producers saw some of the lowest prices with a barrel of oil selling for $37.00 and natural gas prices stalled in the upper $2.00 range. The ramifications of this downturn are wreaking havoc on all drilling operators. A large number of companies have been seen slashing capital budgets for the year, triggering mass layoffs, all of which have greatly slowed or idled drilling operations. 

So why are the latest production numbers being portrayed through rose-colored glasses? It is important to take into consideration a few factors before jumping to any conclusions.

The quarterly production numbers from the ODNR reflect the quarter prior to when the information is actually being released. For example, the well production numbers being released at the end of the third quarter are not reflecting drilling activity that occurred in the third quarter (July 1 through August 31). To report that gas production is still rising, coinciding with prices being at an all time low, is a misrepresentation to the average audience unfamiliar with the vagaries of oil and gas drilling and markets.

Another aspect to take into consideration is the lag time between the drop in prices and the effect it has on production. 

“When the crash happens, it’s not like there’s a shut-off valve, and production just stops,” said Shawn Bennett, executive vice president of the Ohio Oil and Gas Association. “It’s going to start to gradually come down.”

The end of 2014 and beginning of 2015 is when we saw the true beginnings of the crash in oil prices. The growth continuing to be seen is because the capital had already been deployed for new wells to be drilled for the year and pipelines hadn’t been laid to connect previously drilled wells to larger gathering systems. It has been estimated that a strong drop in production may be seen as early as August or September of this year. If this is the case, the impacts will not be reflected in the quarterly reports until the year’s end.

With all of this being said, when prices rebound, as they tend to do in the oil and gas industry, drilling will follow suit as soon as it is determined to be economical and the Utica will continue to prove to be a viable play. 

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